We take our teeth for granted, probably the most important part of our anatomy. We often talk about flashing a toothy smile or a toothy grin. These are just expressions and we don’t really think about it when we speak. If we only knew how simple it is for our teeth to get affected by bad health, we would be more mindful. Tooth decay is no laughing matter, no pun intended. If it can be arrested in the initial stages, it could be reversed. Here we are going to talk about how to fix rotting teeth.
Plaque is a clear substance that always forms in our mouth and sticks to our teeth and gums. The bacteria in plaque breaks down the sugar from what we eat and creates acid. This acid then attacks the tooth enamel. The acid eats away at the enamel and then attacks the dentin. The enamel is the hard, outer layer of the tooth. Dentin is the middle layer and the pulp is the inner layer. Dentin is softer than enamel and is easier to eat through. If the decay reaches the dentin, it cannot be reversed. If it reaches the pulp, you’ve got bigger problems.
The things that cause tooth decay range from unhealthy foods to bad oral hygiene. Irregular brushing and flossing is a big reason. Eating foods that are high in sugar and starch is also a reason. Sugar and starch encourage the growth of bacteria in the mouth. Smoking is a major cause of tooth decay. Diabetes too can cause tooth decay. Some diseases like Sjögren’s syndrome can cause a dirth of saliva in the mouth. The function of saliva includes washing away of food particles and sugars that are harmful to the teeth. When there is a lack of saliva, this does not happen leading to tooth decay. A lack of fluoride can also lead to tooth decay.
When the decay is still at the enamel level, there are a few things that can be done to restore the tooth to its original state. Unfortunately, the first signs or symptom of tooth decay is tooth ache. This only happens when the decay is already at the dentin level. This means it is already too late. Other symptoms include bad breath or taste in the mouth, spots on the teeth, or swollen gums at the base of a tooth that is sore.
- Filling – Your dentist can remove the decay and fill in the cavity with filling material that restores the original shape of the tooth.
- Crown – For severe tooth decay, a part of the tooth may have to be removed and a crown and a cap put in its place.
- Root Canal – If the pulp of the tooth is infected, your dentist will go for a root canal. This involves removing the pulp that is diseased.
- Extraction – If the tooth decay reaches the root of the tooth, it may have to be extracted and replaced by a dental implant.
Regular dental checkups play a significant role in detecting tooth decay. If your dentist finds the beginnings of a cavity in the enamel of a tooth, he may be able to suggest ways to arrest it. Brushing twice a day and flossing once a day is an imperative. Using a fluoride toothpaste is going to help. Try not to snack right before going to bed. Avoid consuming food items that have excessive sugar or starch in them. For more information about how to fix rotting teeth, call Des Moines Dental Group at 515-512-5339 and schedule an appointment today.