Know your opponent and fight it
You cannot get ahead of gum diseases if you do not know them and what causes them. One common gum problem you wouldn’t want to ignore is periodontal disease. It is not a mere gum infection. It is rather a group of conditions.
These conditions are all tied to inflammation of the gums and the structures surrounding the teeth that support it.
Bacteria that stays attached to the teeth at the gum line is the cause of infection. To fight off infection, our body secretes substances that may cause harm to the bones and ligaments that support the teeth. This leads to what we all dread – loose teeth.
Imagine the horror when your teeth finally fall out
Now, before we even get there, know where periodontal disease starts. It actually begins as gingivitis. This is the stage when the gum infection is still treatable. In fact, it is the first and mildest stage of gum infection.
Poor oral hygiene breeds bacteria build-up on the teeth and gums. Inconsistency in brushing and flossing are the basic and common
causes of gingivitis.
Risk factors of these diseases include smoking, tobacco exposure, stress, nutritional deficiency, pregnancy, diseases like diabetes, puberty, substance abuse, auto-immune diseases, and certain medications. Gingivitis then leads to periodontitis if neglected and left untreated.
Although one does not experience pain when suffering from periodontitis, its effects are long term and may be irreversible. When neglected for a long time, it may require periodontal surgery or scaling. Periodontal disease treatment is not exactly easy and may cost an arm
and a leg.
Know the cure
When your gums and teeth are infected and need treatment, the best person who can give the best advice is your dentist. However, it is not a bad idea to be familiar with some of the procedures done to treat gum diseases.
Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty are two of the common procedures done to rectify the effects of gingivitis and periodontitis. The gum tissue is removed through gingivoplasty.
This becomes a necessity when the gum has pulled away from the teeth, making the teeth loose. Where there were no gaps, you would see pockets where bacteria thrive.
You wouldn’t want that. Hence, your dentist would recommend gingivectomy. Gingivoplasty, on the other hand, is the procedure done to reshape the gums through surgery. This is not usually a form of treatment, but a method to improve the appearance of irregularly
Periodontal surgery and scaling are non surgical procedures that are applied to more serious cases of gum infection like periodontitis. Anesthesia becomes necessary to minimize discomfort during these procedures.
Scaling involves thoroughly removing all plaque, bacterial toxins, and tartar from the teeth and root surfaces.
Root planing is then done to smooth rough areas on the surface of the roots. This is done to keep bacteria, plaque, and tartar from regrouping and going back under the gum line. Gums have a chance to heal, then, and you have another shot at dental health.
For more expert tips and insights, visit our website Des Moines Dental Group or contact us at 515-512-5339 and schedule an